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We invite you to discover the cutting edge of emerging technologies with theUNESCO Science 2021 Report. We analyzed data on the most published cross cutting technologies (disruptive technologies) in scientific journals worldwide and developed a dashboard to visualize the most relevant information.
Source: "Bibliometric data for the UNESCO Science Report: Publications on Cross-cutting Strategic Technologies, 2011-2019"
Three are the main areas of research at the global level: Artificial Intelligence and Robotics stands out as the main emerging technology, accounting for 30% of the total scientific production in the period and with a significant growth in recent years. Research in the energy sector also remains as another top trend. Finally, the growth of published works on new materials has also grown notably, doubling the scientific production from 2011 to 2019.
It is also remarkable the scarce production on loT or the first appearances of publications related to blockchain, about which the study does not include mentions until 2018.
The analysis of publications by major socioeconomic regions indicates the potential of China as a leading country in research on disruptive technologies, with more than 27% of the world's scientific production in this field. The role of the European Union also stands out, although it should be noted that the period analyzed also includes the United Kingdom, which is, together with Germany, the main European scientific producer.
It is also interesting to note the production of countries such as India (39th in the global ranking) or Japan, whose scientific production in this area exceeds that of the whole of Latin America.
While globally Artificial Intelligence and Robotics have been on an upward trend in recent years, research in this field has stagnated in our country. However, the growth in work related to the energy sector stands out, which has grown by more than 80% in the period analyzed, placing Spain in 11th place in this sector, above countries such as France, Canada and Australia.
It is also interesting to note the trend in publications on nanotechnology, where scientific production has doubled in this decade, surpassing countries such as Russia, Canada and Italy.
Correlacionar los datos de las publicaciones especializadas en tecnologías disruptivas con el total de publicaciones permite comprobar como los países asiáticos (China, Corea del Sur, India, Japón) junto con Rusia están orientando sus trabajos de investigación en estas tecnologías, que ya superan en todos los casos el 15% del total de sus trabajos publicados. En el caso de China supone casi una cuarta parte de todos sus investigaciones.
El eje occidental mantiene un porcentaje similar entre el 10 y el 15% del total. En este sentido es reseñable el caso de España, que con un 13,76% es el país que, en proporción, más está trabajando en estas áreas de todos los que componen este grupo.
There are no major percentage differences in the analysis of the technologies researched in each country. The specialization of some countries such as India or Portugal (with 40% of their publications focused on Al) or countries that stand out from the global trend such as Iran, whose main area of research is the energy sector (35% of the total) or Russia, especially focused on the study of materials (36.98%) stand out.
It is interesting to note, with regard to Spain, the alignment with the main countries of the European Union, with very similar percentages in each of the research areas, the result of a common strategy at European level in the study and research of disruptive technologies.